- Exact test statistics and distributions of maximum likelihood estimation that result from orthogonal parameters
- Number of pages
- Amsterdam / Rotterdam: Tinbergen Institute
- Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper
- Volume | Edition (Serie)
- TI 2000-039/4
- Document type
- Working paper
- Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB)
- Amsterdam School of Economics Research Institute (ASE-RI)
We show that three convenient statistical properties that are known to hold forthe linear model with normal distributed errors that: (i.) when the variance is known, the likelihood based test statistics, Wald, Likelihood Ratio andScore or Lagrange Multiplier, coincide, (ii.) when the variance is unknown,exact test statistics exist, (iii) the density of the maximum likelihood estimator (mle) of the parameters of a nested model equals the conditional density of the mle of the parameters of an encompassing model, also apply to a larger class of models. This class contains models that are nested in a linear model and allow for orthogonal parameters to span the difference with theencompassing linear model. Next to linear models, an important set of modelsthat belongs to this class are the reduced rank regression models. An example of a reduced rank regression model is the instrumental variables regression model. We use the three convenient statistical properties to conductexact inference in the instrumental variables regression model and use them to construct both the density of the limited information maximum likelihood estimator and novel exact statistics to test instrument validity, overidentification and hypothezes on all or subsets of the structural form parameters.
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