- Correction factors for Shewhart X and X-bar control charts to achieve desired unconditional ARL
- International Journal of Production Research
- Volume | Issue number
- 54 | 24
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB)
- Amsterdam Business School Research Institute (ABS-RI)
In this paper we derive correction factors for Shewhart control charts that monitor individual observations as well as subgroup averages. In practice, the distribution parameters of the process characteristic of interest are unknown and, therefore, have to be estimated. A well-known performance measure within Statistical Process Monitoring is the expectation of the average run length (ARL), defined as the unconditional ARL. A practitioner may want to design a control chart such that, in the in-control situation, it has a certain expected ARL. However, accurate correction factors that lead to such an unconditional ARL are not yet available. We derive correction factors that guarantee a certain unconditional in-control ARL. We use approximations to derive the factors and show their accuracy and the performance of the control charts – based on the new factors – in out-of-control situations. We also evaluate the variation between the ARLs of the individually estimated control charts.
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