- Neutrophil microbial killing mechanisms: Lessons learned from primary immunodeficiencies
T.K. van den Berg
- Award date
- 28 September 2016
- Number of pages
- Document type
- PhD thesis
- Faculty of Medicine (AMC-UvA)
Humans and microbes have a balanced and longstanding relationship. Immunosuppresive therapies and primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) may disturb this balance and result in infection. Patients with neutropenia or PIDs with neutrophil functional defects, including Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD), are susceptible to invasive fungal infections, accompanied by high rates of mortality. Neutrophils are the first line of defense, and important effector cells in the killing of invading pathogens and prevention of invasive infections.
We have studied in this thesis the antimicrobial function of neutrophils from patients with novel primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs), resulting in a susceptibility to infection. The neutrophils from patients with CARD9 deficiency are impaired in the killing of C. albicans and this is associated with invasive fungal infections. In addition, the antimicrobial function of G-CSF/dexamethasone-mobilized neutrophils used for transfusion purposes was determined. Experiments with these human “knock-out” neutrophils have expanded our knowledge about the role of Pathogen Recognition Receptors and signaling in microbial killing in humans. Neutrophils have distinct mechanisms for the killing of S. aureus, E. coli, C. albicans or A. fumigatus conidia and hyphae. The formation of Neutrophil Extracellular Traps (NETs) is not required for the killing of C. albicans or A. fumigatus. G-CSF/dexamethasone-mobilized neutrophils used for transfusion purposes, are impaired in Candida yeast killing, but normally kill bacterial and fungal pathogens.
- Research conducted at: Universiteit van Amsterdam