The concept of lifestyle adds a behavioral component to travel models that used to be dominated by engineering and econometric
traditions. This article presents an overview of how lifestyle is defined and measured in transport studies, and how travel
behavior is influenced by lifestyles. Lifestyles are often used pragmatically rather than theoretically in the behavior studies.
Nevertheless, some important theoretical contributions have been made, especially in sociology by scholars such as Weber,
Bourdieu, Ganzeboom, and Schulze who agree on the communicative character of lifestyles: individuals express their social
position through specific patterns of behavior, consumption, and leisure. These behavioral patterns are shaped by underlying
opinions and orientations, including beliefs, interests, and attitudes. Thus, travel behavior is not simply determined by
price, speed, and comfort but is also related to attitudes, status, and preferences. Because lifestyle has many different
dimensions, a variety of measurement approaches exists. Nevertheless, most studies suggest that travel behavior is conditioned
by specific lifestyles. How lifestyles themselves can be modified to promote more sustainable patterns of transport has not
received much attention to date. This article argues that lifestyles need to be considered as dynamic rather than as static
and given, and that future research could delve more deeply into this area.