J.H. van Boxel
- Wind Velocity and Algal Crusts in Dune Blowouts
- Volume | Issue number
- 20 | 6
- Number of pages
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED)
In two saucer-shaped blowouts wind velocity was measured at 0.18 m height and compared to the wind velocity data from the nearest standard meteorological station at Valkenburg about 3.5 km to the northeast. In blowout 1 relative velocities are highest when the wind blows from directions between E and SSE. In blowout 2 winds blowing from directions between S and WSW are relatively stronger. In general the wind speed increases as its moves along the surface inside the blowout, because the aerodynamic roughness of the blowout surface is less than that of the surrounding area. Less important are the influence of the configuration of the terrain surrounding the blowout and the influence of the slopes within the blowout.
The frequency distribution of the general wind at Valkenburg is analysed and combined with the horizontal wind velocity pattern within blowouts. A simulation model, producing the spatial distribution of the wind power shows that the prevalence of algal crusts at the SW side of blowouts agrees well with the location which reaches the lowest wind power values. In other parts of the blowouts algal crusts are damaged by moving sand at times of high wind velocity.
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