Organisms causing meningitis were identified in the late 19th century. The most common pathogens were Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis and Haemophilus influenzae.
Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis are common bacteria and are also commensal in the human respiratory tract without causing disease. It is unclear why some persons develop bacterial meningitis and others colonized with the same bacteria do not. The aim of my PhD project was to identify risk factors for adult bacterial meningitis and identify which protective measures can be taken to prevent bacterial meningitis in these risk groups.
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