A. de Jonge
- Eliciting the Dutch loan phoneme /g/ with the Menu Task
- 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences
- Book/source title
- Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences
- Glasgow: The University of Glasgow
- Document type
- Conference contribution
- Faculty of Humanities (FGw)
- Amsterdam Center for Language and Communication (ACLC)
This article introduces the menu task, which can be used to elicit infrequent sounds such as loan
phonemes that only occur in a restricted set of words. The menu task is similar to the well-known
map task and involves the interaction of two participants to create a menu on the basis of a list of
words (all referring to food). This new task was used to obtain realizations of loanwords with a voiced velar plosive /g/ by an older and a younger group of native speakers of Dutch, which lacks this phoneme. Results show that all participants were fairly consistent in their pronunciations per word. However, the younger group had word-specific realizations: they employed a voiceless uvular fricative [χ] in spaghetti and a voiced velar stop [g] in gorgonzola, while the older group used a voiced or voiceless plosive in both words. These findings indicate a lexically diffusing sound change in the adaptation of /g/ into Dutch.
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