To investigate the possible relationship between the presence of salivary stones and systemic diseases, medication,
smoking, and alcohol consumption.
A retrospective, case control study. Medical records of patients
with salivary stones and those of control patients without salivary stones were retrospectively reviewed. Data regarding the
affected salivary gland, the presence of systemic disease, and the use of medication, tobacco, and alcohol were recorded.
Statistical analysis was performed using the Fisher Exact tests.
Medical records of 208 patients with
salivary stones and those of 208 control patients were reviewed. Of the patients diagnosed with salivary stones, the submandibular
gland was affected in 85.6% of the patients, the parotid gland in 9.6%, and the sublingual gland in 2.4% of the patients.
None of the recorded systemic diseases was more prevalent in patients with salivary stones. Patients with salivary stones
used significantly more antibiotics compared with the control group (P = .037). No significant differences were observed for
other types of medication. There was no correlation between salivary stone formation, smoking, and alcohol consumption.
present study suggested that systemic diseases, medication, smoking, and alcohol consumption play no or only a limited role
in the onset of salivary stones.