- Ethnic differences in diet: A focus on methodology, determinants and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
- Award date
- 29 May 2015
- Number of pages
- Document type
- PhD thesis
- Faculty of Medicine (AMC-UvA)
The overall aim of this thesis was to enhance the scientific basis for dietary analysis and the role of diet in T2DM prevalence in an ethnically diverse population. A large multi-ethnic population including five ethnic groups - South Asian origin Surinamese, African origin Surinamese, Turkish, Moroccan and Dutch origin - was utilized to achieve this goal. To address the main aim of this thesis the following questions were formulated:
1. How feasible it is to develop ethnic specific food frequency questionnaire and how stable are dietary patterns over time?
2. What are the dietary patterns of the main migrant groups in the Netherlands and what is the association between social-economic status, acculturation and these dietary patterns?
3. What is the association between diet and T2DM and what is the role of ethnicity in this respect?
The studies described in this thesis were based on different sources of data. Data was obtained from the HELIUS Study and the HELIUS-Dietary Patterns study, which included men and women of all five ethnic groups. Additionally, data collected within the SUNSET study was used, which included South Asian origin Surinamese, African origin Surinamese and Dutch origin. Also, data was obtained from the Doetinchem Cohort Study, including men and women from Dutch origin, and from The Singapore Prospective Study Program 2, which included migrants of Indian origin.
- Research conducted at: Universiteit van Amsterdam
Thesis (complete) (Embargo until 29 May 2017)
Chapter 1: General introduction (Embargo until 29 May 2017)
Chapter 2: A prospective cohort study of dietary patterns of non-western migrants in the Netherlands in relation to risk factors for cardiovascular diseases: HELIUS-Dietary Patterns (Embargo until 29 May 2017)
Chapter 3: Development of the HELIUS food frequency questionnaires: ethnic-specific questionnaires to assess diet of a multi-ethnic population in the Netherlands (Embargo until 29 May 2017)
Chapter 4: Dietary patterns within a population are more reproducible than those of individuals (Embargo until 29 May 2017)
Chapter 5: Socioeconomic status and ethnicity are independently associated with dietary patterns: The HELIUS-Dietary Patterns Study (Embargo until 29 May 2017)
Chapter 6: Acculturation and dietary patterns among Surinamese residents in the Netherlands: The HELIUS-Dietary Patterns Study (Embargo until 29 May 2017)
Chapter 7: Sex differences in the association between serum ferritin and fasting glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among South Asian origin Surinamese, African origin Surinamese, and ethnic Dutch: The population-based SUNSET study (Embargo until 29 May 2017)
Chapter 8: Comparable dietary patterns describe dietary behaviour across ethnic groups, but different elements in the diet are associated with HbA1c and fasting glucose concentrations (Embargo until 29 May 2017)
Chapter 9: Consistency of associations between an insulin-resistancerelated dietary pattern and hyperglycemia in South Asian migrants residing in Asia and Europe (Embargo until 29 May 2017)
Chapter 10: General discussion (Embargo until 29 May 2017)
Back matter (Embargo until 29 May 2017)
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