E. van Hooft
J.P.R. van Merkesteyn
- Influence of BSSO surgical technique on postoperative inferior alveolar nerve hypoesthesia: a systematic review of the literature
- Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
- Volume | Issue number
- 42 | 6
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Dentistry (ACTA)
Faculty of Medicine (AMC-UvA)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different splitting techniques, namely, "mallet and chisel" versus "spreading and prying", used during bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) on postoperative hypoesthesia outcomes.
We systematically searched the PubMed and Cochrane databases (from January 1957 to November 2012) for studies that examined postoperative neurosensory disturbance (NSD) of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) after BSSO.
Our initial PubMed search identified 673 studies, of which, 14 met our inclusion criteria. From these 14 studies, 3 groups were defined: (1) no chisel use (4.1% NSD/site), (2) undefined chisel use (18.4% NSD/site), and (3) explicit chisel use along the buccal cortex (37.3% NSD/site).
Study heterogeneity and a frequent lack of surgical detail impeded our ability to make precise comparisons between studies. However, the group of studies explicitly describing chisel use along the buccal cortex showed the highest incidence of NSD. Moreover, comparison of the study that did not use chisels with the 2 studies that explicitly described chisel use revealed a possible disadvantage of the "mallet and chisel" group (4.1% versus 37.3% NSD/site). These results suggest that chisel use increases NSD risk after BSSO.
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