Dothideomycetes comprise a highly diverse range of fungi characterized mainly by asci with two wall layers (bitunicate asci)
and often with fissitunicate dehiscence. Many species are saprobes, with many asexual states comprising important plant pathogens.
They are also endophytes, epiphytes, fungicolous, lichenized, or lichenicolous fungi. They occur in terrestrial, freshwater
and marine habitats in almost every part of the world. We accept 105 families in Dothideomycetes with the new families Anteagloniaceae,
Bambusicolaceae, Biatriosporaceae, Lichenoconiaceae, Muyocopronaceae, Paranectriellaceae, Roussoellaceae, Salsugineaceae,
Seynesiopeltidaceae and Thyridariaceae introduced in this paper. Each family is provided with a description and notes, including
asexual and asexual states, and if more than one genus is included, the type genus is also characterized. Each family is provided
with at least one figure-plate, usually illustrating the type genus, a list of accepted genera, including asexual genera,
and a key to these genera. A phylogenetic tree based on four gene combined analysis add support for 64 of the families and
22 orders, including the novel orders, Dyfrolomycetales, Lichenoconiales, Lichenotheliales, Monoblastiales, Natipusillales,
Phaeotrichales and Strigulales. The paper is expected to provide a working document on Dothideomycetes which can be modified
as new data comes to light. It is hoped that by illustrating types we provide stimulation and interest so that more work is
carried out in this remarkable group of fungi.