- Changes in the planktonic microbial community during residence in a surface flow constructed wetland used for tertiary wastewater treatment
- Science of the Total Environment
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED)
Suspended particles are a major constituent of municipal wastewater and generally contain high levels of bacteria, including human pathogens. Discharge of these particles of anthropogenic nature can have profound effects on receiving aquatic ecosystems and mitigation of these effects requires additional polishing of treated municipal wastewater. Previously it was shown that surface flow constructed wetlands are effective in improving water quality by reducing the numbers of fecal indicator organisms. However, fecal indicator organisms represent only a minor fraction of the total planktonic bacterial community and knowledge on the effects of these constructed wetlands on the composition and functioning of the entire planktonic bacterial community is limited. The aim of this descriptive study was therefore to identify changes in the planktonic bacterial community during residence of secondary treated municipal wastewater in a full-scale surface flow constructed wetland.
To this purpose water samples were taken in which the bacterial community composition and functioning were analyzed using FISH, DGGE and BIOLOG. Surprisingly, the bacterial abundance at the inflow of the constructed wetland was relatively low compared with more natural surface waters.
However, the inflowing bacterial community showed high metabolic activity and functional diversity. During residence in the surface flow constructed wetland the bacterial abundance doubled, but decreased in metabolic activity and functional diversity. Shifts in the community composition indicate that these changes are related to turn-over of the bacterial community. The planktonic bacterial community in the effluent of the constructed wetland closely resembled natural bacterial communities in urban and agricultural ditches. Based on these observations we conclude that constructed wetlands are capable to mitigate possible impacts of the particle load in treated wastewaters by transforming the anthropological bacterial community to a bacterial community resembling more "natural" surface waters.
- go to publisher's site
If you believe that digital publication of certain material infringes any of your rights or (privacy) interests, please let the Library know, stating your reasons. In case of a legitimate complaint, the Library will make the material inaccessible and/or remove it from the website. Please Ask the Library, or send a letter to: Library of the University of Amsterdam, Secretariat, Singel 425, 1012 WP Amsterdam, The Netherlands. You will be contacted as soon as possible.