- DSM-IV versus DSM-5 Autism Spectrum Disorder and Social Anxiety Disorder in childhood: Similarities and differences
- Journal of Child and Family Studies
- Volume | Issue number
- 24 | 9
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Research Institute of Child Development and Education (RICDE)
Within the light of the DSM-5, the current study examined (1) how many and which children with a DSM-IV classification of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) fulfill the DSM-5 symptom-criteria, and (2) whether children who did and did not meet DSM-5 symptom-criteria and children with social anxiety disorder (SAD) can be differentiated from each other based on ASD symptomatology. In total, 90 referred children with a DSM-IV classification of high-functioning ASD, and 21 referred children with SAD participated (age range 7-17 years). ASD-symptoms were examined with the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised and the Children’s Social Behavior Questionnaire. It was found that 30 % of the ASD sample did not meet DSM-5 symptom-criteria for ASD, mainly because they failed to meet the DSM-5 criteria of the repetitive domain. Children with ASD who did and did not meet DSM-5 symptom-criteria differed on the repetitive domain, while children with ASD (according to DSM-IV and DSM-5 symptom criteria) had higher scores on the social-communication domain than children with SAD. Findings suggest a continuum of ASD-symptoms in the DSM-5 for children with SAD, social communication disorder and ASD. More research is needed to examine how these three disorders differ with respect to their etiology, neuropsychological profiles and clinical characteristics.
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