N. de Jong
E. van Heumen
A. de Visser
- Low Carrier Concentration Crystals of the Topological Insulator Bi2−xSbxTe3-ySey: A Magnetotransport Study
- New Journal of Physics
- Number of pages
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute (WZI)
In 3D topological insulators achieving a genuine bulk-insulating state is an important research topic. Recently, the material system (Bi,Sb)2(Te,Se)3 (BSTS) has been proposed as a topological insulator with high resistivity and a low carrier concentration (Ren et al 2011 Phys. Rev. B 84 165311). Here we present a study to further refine the bulk-insulating properties of BSTS. We have synthesized BSTS single crystals with compositions around x = 0.5 and y = 1.3. Resistance and Hall effect measurements show high resistivity and record low bulk carrier density for the composition Bi1.46Sb0.54Te1.7Se1.3. The analysis of the resistance measured for crystals with different thicknesses within a parallel resistor model shows that the surface contribution to the electrical transport amounts to 97% when the sample thickness is reduced to 1 μm. The magnetoconductance of exfoliated BSTS nanoflakes shows 2D weak antilocalization with α ≃ -1 as expected for transport dominated by topological surface states.
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