- Sexual and gender prejudice among adolescents and enacted stigma at school
- Award date
- 7 November 2014
- Number of pages
- Document type
- PhD thesis
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Research Institute of Child Development and Education (RICDE)
Sexual and gender prejudice refer, respectively, to negative attitudes based on sexual orientation or gender identity or expression; enacted stigma is the behavioral expression of such attitudes. This thesis explored the possible antecedents and outcomes of enacted sexual and gender stigma in secondary school environments, as well as secondary school teachers’ perceptions of enacted sexual and gender stigma. Specific aims and research questions were addressed through a systematic literature review and a series of analytic, empirical studies. Systematic review of previous research in this area demonstrated that enacted sexual and gender stigma is associated with a diminished sense of school belonging, disruptions in educational trajectories, depression, traumatic stress, and other negative outcomes in targeted youth. Findings from survey research with adolescents suggested that their attitudes toward sexual and gender minorities have multiple correlates and possible determinants: personal characteristics such as gender, ethnicity, religiosity, and sexual attractions; social contact with lesbians and gays; attitudes toward gender non-conformity; and beliefs about lesbians and gay men. Findings from survey research with teachers showed that those who were more confident in their abilities to intervene successfully and who had stronger beliefs that intervening in the situation would produce a positive outcome had the strongest intentions to intervene in scenarios involving the bullying of sexual and gender minority students. Implications of the findings for interventions to improve the health status of sexual and gender minority youth, addressing sexual and gender prejudice, and supporting school personnel in responding to enacted sexual and gender stigma are discussed.
- Research conducted at: Universiteit van Amsterdam
If you believe that digital publication of certain material infringes any of your rights or (privacy) interests, please let the Library know, stating your reasons. In case of a legitimate complaint, the Library will make the material inaccessible and/or remove it from the website. Please Ask the Library, or send a letter to: Library of the University of Amsterdam, Secretariat, Singel 425, 1012 WP Amsterdam, The Netherlands. You will be contacted as soon as possible.