- The correlation between mineralization degree and bone tissue stiffness in the porcine mandibular condyle
- Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
- Volume | Issue number
- 32 | 1
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Dentistry (ACTA)
The aim of this study was to correlate the local tissue mineral density (TMD) with the bone tissue stiffness. It was hypothesized that these variables are positively correlated. Cancellous and cortical bone samples were derived from ten mandibular condyles taken from 5 young and 5 adult female pigs. The bone tissue stiffness was assessed in three directions using nanoindentation. At each of three tested sides 5 indents were made over the width of 5 single bone elements, resulting in a total number of 1500 indents. MicroCT was used to determine the local TMD at the indented sites. The TMD and the bone tissue stiffness were higher in bone from the adult animals than from the young ones, but did not differ between cancellous and cortical bone. In the adult group, both the TMD and the bone tissue stiffness were higher in the center than at the surface of the bone elements. The mean TMD, thus ignoring the local mineral distribution, had a coefficient of determination (R 2) with the mean bone tissue stiffness of 0.55, p < 0.05, whereas the correlation between local bone tissue stiffness and the concomitant TMD appeared to be weak (R 2 0.07, p < 0.001). It was concluded that the mineralization degree plays a larger role in bone tissue stiffness in cancellous than in cortical bone. Our data based on bone from the mandibular condyle suggest that the mineralization degree is not a decisive determinant of the local bone tissue stiffness.
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