- State-owned versus township and village enterprises in China
- Comparative Economic Studies
- Volume | Issue number
- 41 | 2-3
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB)
- Amsterdam Business School Research Institute (ABS-RI)
This paper presents an up-to-date survey of the comparison issue between state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and township-village enterprises (TVEs) in China. Although TVEs are at a disadvantage in areas such as technology, labor skills, education levels of staff access to bank loans and government supports, they have important advantages in ownership and governance structures, personnel systems and labor relations, and conditions of institutional arrangement. These advantages apparently have outweighed the disadvantages, allowing the TVEs to outperform SOEs and successfully expand their market shares that previously belonged to the SOEs. However, our analysis also reveals that SOEs may not have performed so badly if their broad social contributions other than reported profits are also taken into account. In conclusion, we argue that both SOEs and TVEs need to reform their ownership and governance structures. In particular, if TVEs are to develop further during the next century, they cannot avoid the grassroots democratization.
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