- REMI and ROUSE: Quantitative models for long-term priming in perceptual identification.
- Book title
- Rethinking implicit memory.
- Pages (from-to)
- London: Oxford University Press
- Document type
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Psychology Research Institute (PsyRes)
(from the chapter) The REM model originally developed for recognition memory (R. M. Shiffrin and M. Steyvers, 1997) has recently been extended to implicit memory phenomena observed during threshold identification of words. The authors discuss 2 REM models based on Bayesian principles: a model for long-term priming (REMI; L. J. Schooler et al., 2001), and a model for short-term priming (ROUSE; D. Huber et al., 2001). Although the identification tasks are the same, the basis for priming differs in the 2 models. In both paradigms the authors ask whether prior study merely reflects a bias to interpret ambiguous information in a certain manner, or instead leads to a more efficient encoding. The observation of a "both-primed benefit' in 2-alternative forced-choice paradigms appears to show that both processes are present. However, the REMI model illustrates that the both-primed benefit is not necessarily indicative of an increase in perceptual sensitivity but might be generated by a criterion bias. The ROUSE effect upon decision making, may lead to the reversal of the normal short-term priming effect that is observed in certain conditions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2003 APA, all rights reserved)
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