P.A. van Paridon
- Properties of the binding sites for the sn-1 and sn-2 acyl chains on the phosphatidylinositol transfer protein from bovine brain
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- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences (SILS)
We have studied the properties of the fatty acyl binding sites of the phosphatidylinositol transfer protein (PI-TP) from bovine brain, by measuring the binding and transfer of pyrenylacyl-containing phosphatidylinositol (PyrPI) species and pyrenylacyl-containing phosphatidylcholine (PyrPC) species as a function of the acyl chain length. The PyrPI species carried a pyrene-labeled acyl chain of variable length in the sn-2 position and either palmitic acid [C(16)], palmitoleic acid [C(16:1)], or stearic acid [C(18)] in the sn-1 position. Binding and transfer of the PI species increased in the order C(18) < C(16) < C(16:1), with a distinct preference for those species that carry a pyrenyloctanoyl [Pyr(8)] or a pyrenyldecanoyl [Pyr(lO)] chain. The PyrPC species studied consisted of two sets of positional isomers: one set contained a pyrenylacyl chain of variable length and a C(16) chain, and the other set contained an unlabeled chain of variable length and a Pyr(l0) chain. The binding and transfer experiments showed that PI-TP discriminates between positional isomers with a preference for the species with a pyrenylacyl chain in the sn-1 position. This discrimination is interpreted to indicate that separate binding sites exist for the sn-1 and sn-2 acyl chains. From the binding and transfer profiles it is apparent that the binding sites differ in their preference for a particular acyl chain length. The binding and transfer vs chain length profiles were quite similar for C(16)Pyr(x)PC and C(16)Pyr(x)PI species, suggesting that the sn-2 acyl chains of PI and PC share a common binding site in PI-TP.
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