- A reaction time paradigm to assess (implicit) complaint-specific dysfunctional beliefs.
- Behaviour Research and Therapy
- Volume | Issue number
- 39 | 1
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Psychology Research Institute (PsyRes)
Iinvestigated whether an implicit association test (IAT) can be used to assess dysfunctional beliefs in the realm of psychopathology. As a first exploration we therefore constructed a IAT that was designed to differentiate between high and low social anxious individuals. Social situation and neutral words were the targets (e.g. date vs hall), and positive and negative outcomes (e.g. compliment vs rejection) the associated attributes. 32 high social anxious women showed the predicted deterioration of task performance if the required responses switched from compatible to incompatible with the idea that social situations are related to negative outcomes and vice versa, whereas the opposite was true for 32 low anxious women. Thus a modified IAT seems a useful and highly flexible tool to implicitly assess complaint-specific dysfunctional associations and may be a valuable addition to the usual (explicit) self-report measures of patients' beliefs
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