- Influence of objective measures on self-reports in a retrospective pretest-posttest design.
- The Journal of Experimental Education
- Volume | Issue number
- 53 | 4
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Psychology Research Institute (PsyRes)
Conducted 2 experiments to assess the influence of awareness of an objective measure and completion of a performance test on the self-ratings of 152 Dutch undergraduates. Both studies involved a pre-/posttest design, including retrospective preratings. Results indicate that the retrospective prerating approach reflected actual improvement of performance more accurately than the conventional pre/post comparisons. The response shift phenomenon--defined as a significant difference between mean preratings and mean retrospective ratings--was demonstrated in both experiments. It was observed that, while awareness of an objective measure tended to weaken the response shift phenomenon, actually taking a performance test tended to strengthen it.
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