- Performance status and change - measuring education system effectiveness with data from PISA 2000-2009
- Educational Research and Evaluation
- Volume | Issue number
- 20 | 2
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Research Institute of Child Development and Education (RICDE)
Reports of international large-scale assessments tend to evaluate and compare education system performance based on absolute scores. And policymakers refer to high-performing and economically prosperous education systems to enhance their own systemic features. But socioeconomic differences between systems compromise the plausibility of those comparisons and references. The paper applies conceptual and methodological approaches from educational effectiveness research to investigate how effectively education systems perform and how effectively they change their performance over time by accounting for socioeconomic differences between systems and cohorts (assessment cycles). Data from 4 cycles of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) are analysed. Results indicate that the quality of systems is evaluated differently if assessed by absolute performance scores or effectiveness measures. The study contributes to methodological developments of effectiveness research in international large-scale assessments and provides relevant information for policymakers to further look into policies, structures, and reform measures that have favoured effectiveness.
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