- Clinical characterization of allergic sensitization patterns and the role of mucosal dendritic cells
C.M. van Drunen
- Award date
- 31 January 2014
- Number of pages
- Document type
- PhD thesis
- Faculty of Medicine (AMC-UvA)
In this thesis we describe differences in clinical response to allergen challenges in allergic rhinitis subjects with different sensitizations. We investigated multiple steps in the allergic cascade to find an explanation for this difference in clinical response. Furthermore, the role of dendritic cells is discussed, with emphasis on an appropriate balance between pro-inflammatory versus tolerogenic effects of different dendritic cell (DC) subsets.
Numbers of myeloid DCs (mDCs), plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) and Langerhans type DCs (LDCs) in nasal mucosa differ between subjects with different allergic sensitizations. The mDC/pDC ratio is equal for allergic and healthy subjects, however after nasal allergen provocation the ratio in healthy subjects decreases, while remaining the same in allergic subjects, suggesting lack of immunosuppression in allergic subjects. Tissue distribution of mDCs, pDCs and LDCs in human oral mucosa shows significantly more mDCs and LDCs in oral mucosa in allergic subjects compared to healthy controls.
Given the complexity and heterogeneity in function of dendritic cells, and flexibility of DC subets in expression of function, we tried to gain more insight in their role by studying distribution of DC subsets in several models of immunological dysfunction. We analyzed dendritic cells in nasal mucosa of IgA Nephropathy patients, in pulmonary mucosa of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, and in intestinal mucosa and mesenteric lymph nodes of patients with Crohn’s disease and non-IBD patients. A disbalance in DC subsets seems to play a role in the pathophysiology of these diseases, even after cessation of the initial stimulus leading to the disbalance.
- Research conducted at: Universiteit van Amsterdam