- Volumetric changes in apical radiolucencies of endodontically treated teeth assessed by cone-beam computed tomography 1 year after orthograde retreatment
- The Journal of Endodontics
- Volume | Issue number
- 39 | 12
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Dentistry (ACTA)
Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) allows us to assess in 3 dimensions the location and size of periapical radiolucencies. We aimed to assess by CBCT scans the volumetric changes of periapical radiolucencies in endodontically treated teeth 1 year after orthograde retreatment.
Forty-five root-filled teeth with persistent apical periodontitis requiring endodontic orthograde retreatment from 37 individuals were included in the study. The research protocol was approved by the VU University Medical Center Amsterdam ethics committee (2007/265), and the participants signed a letter of consent. We made 2 CBCT scans for every patient, the first one before retreatment and the second one a year later. Two observers measured independently the volume of radiolucencies on CBCT images by using the AMIRA software. The intraclass correlation coefficient was used to evaluate interobserver agreement, and the Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to assess pretreatment and post-treatment volume size.
The intraclass correlation coefficients were 0.994 and 0.998 for the scans before retreatment and 1 year after, respectively. The recall rate was 78% for the teeth and 73% for the patients. The volumetric change in periapical radiolucencies 1 year after retreatment was statistically significant (z = −3.112, P < .005). The volume of periapical radiolucencies reduced in 20 teeth (57%), remained unchanged in 8 (23%), and increased in 7 (20%).
One year after endodontic orthograde retreatment, the volume of periapical radiolucencies reduced significantly in 57% of the teeth.
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