This study explored the role of gender, ethnicity, religiosity, and sexual attraction in adolescents’ acceptance of same-sex
sexuality and gender non-conformity. Using an intersectionality perspective, we also tested whether the effects of gender,
ethnicity, and religiosity on adolescents’ attitudes would function differently in adolescents with and without same-sex attractions.
Data for this study were collected by means of a paper questionnaire completed by 1,518 secondary school students (mean age = 14.56
years, SD = 1.05) in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. The sample was 48.1% female and 51.9% male. Approximately one third of adolescents
in the sample were of a non-Western ethnic background (32.3%, n = 491) and 7.5% of the participants (n = 114) reported experiencing
same-sex attractions. Results of our analyses showed that adolescents in our sample who were male, of non-Western ethnicity,
and who were more religious (as indicated by frequency of religious service attendance), were less accepting of same-sex sexuality
and gender non-conformity in comparison to female, Western and less religious peers. We also found a significant interaction
effect between religiosity and sexual attractions, but only in relation to evaluation of same-sex attracted, gender non-conforming
females. The negative effect of religiosity on acceptance of same-sex attracted, gender non-conforming females was stronger
among those adolescents who reported same-sex attractions.