- Isolation and characterization of two novel alkalitolerant sulfidogens from a Thiopaq bioreactor, Desulfonatronum alkalitolerans sp. nov., and Sulfurospirillum alkalitolerans sp. nov.
- Volume | Issue number
- 17 | 3
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED)
wo obligately anaerobic sulfidogenic bacterial strains were isolated from the full-scale Thiopaq bioreactor in Lelystad (The Netherlands) removing H2S from biogas under oxygen-limiting and moderately haloalkaline conditions. Strain HSRB-L represents a dominant culturable sulfate-reducing bacterium in the reactor. It utilizes formate, H2 (with acetate as C-source) and lactate as e-donors, and sulfate, thiosulfate and sulfite as e-acceptors. It is haloalkalitolerant, with a pH range for lithotrophic growth from 7.5 to 9.7 (optimum at 8.5-9) and a salt range from 0.1 to 1.75 M total Na+ (optimum at 0.6 M). The strain is a member of the genus Desulfonatronum and is proposed as a novel species D. alkalitolerans. The second strain, strain HTRB-L1, represents a dominant thiosulfate/sulfur reducer in the reactor. It is an obligate anaerobe utilizing formate and H2 (with acetate as C-source), lactate, pyruvate and fumarate as e-donors, and thiosulfate (incomplete reduction), sulfur, arsenate and fumarate as e-acceptors. With lactate as e-donor it also grows as an ammonifyer in the presence of nitrate and nitrite. HTRB-L1 is haloalkalitolerant, with a pH range for lithotrophic growth from 7.1 to 9.7 (optimum at 8.5) and a salt range from 0.6 to 1.5 M total Na+ (optimum at 0.6 M). Phylogenetic analysis showed that strain HTRB-L1 is a novel species within the genus Sulfurospirillum (Epsilonproteobacteria) for which a name Sulfurospirillum alkalitolerans is proposed.
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