- Supramolecular control of selectivity in transition metal catalysis: Substrate preorganization & cofactor-steered catalysis
- Award date
- 22 November 2013
- Number of pages
- Document type
- PhD thesis
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences (HIMS)
The selectivity displayed by transition metal catalysts is one of the key elements in catalysis, and various tools to control this by ligand modification have been reported. Some selectivity issues are, however, difficult to solve using the traditional methods. Therefore we have an interest in the development of new approaches using supramolecular chemistry, guided by the lessons that we can learn from Nature.
Here we introduce and develop DIMPhos, a new class of bidentate phosphorus ligands equipped with an integral anion binding site. The supramolecular interactions between the binding pocket of the Rh(DIMPhos)-catalysts and substrates containing anionic functionalities provide an excellent design concept to achieve remote control of the regioselectivity in hydroformylation by substrate pre-organization. The carefully designed ligand-substrate interactions allow for an unprecedented full reversal of selectivity to otherwise unfavorable products, thus opening up novel pathways in chemical synthesis.
Further, the pocket of the Rh(DIMPhos)-catalysts can also be used for catalyst tuning by binding small cofactors - anions of chiral acids - allowing for supramolecular modulation of the enantioselectivity of the catalyst. This strategy afforded excellent enantioselectivities (ee’s up to 99%) for the hydrogenation of several different olefins, demonstrating its potential.
In this Thesis we discuss the mechanism and the substrate range of this multifunctional catalytic system both in terms of controlling selectivity by substrate pre-organisation and catalyst tuning by cofactor binding.
- Research conducted at: Universiteit van Amsterdam
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