- Geomorphological Change Detection Using Object-Based Feature Extraction From Multi-Temporal LiDAR Data
- IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters
- Volume | Issue number
- 10 | 6
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED)
Multi-temporal LiDAR digital terrain models (DTMs) are used for the development and testing of a method for geomorphological change analysis in western Austria. Point data from two airborne LiDAR campaigns of 2003 and 2011 were filtered and interpolated into two 2m DTMs. Seven geomorphological features were mapped by using stratified object-based image analysis (OBIA) using terrain properties derived from the DTMs. Segmentation parameters and classification rules were set and applied to both data sets which allowed analysis of geomorphological change between 2003 and 2011. Volumetric change was calculated and summarized by their landform category. The multi-temporal landform classifications show where landforms changed into other landforms as the result of geomorphological process activity. However, differences in point densities and lack of data points below dense forest hindered accurate geomorphological change detection in these areas. When challenges related to interpolation techniques are tackled, stratified OBIA of multi-temporal LiDAR data sets is a promising tool for geomorphological change detection, and affiliated applications such as monitoring risk and natural hazards, rate of change analyses, and vulnerability assessments.
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