- Preparation of silybin and isosilybin sulfates by sulfotransferase from Desulfitobacterium hafniense
- Journal of Molecular Catalysis B-Enzymatic
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences (HIMS)
Flavonolignans silybin and isosilybin are major components of silymarin complex isolated from seeds of the milk thistle (Silybum marianum) featuring strong antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects, and also anticancer, chemoprotective, dermatoprotective and hypocholesterolemic activities. Natural silybin and isosilybin are mixtures of diastereoisomers: silybin/isosilybin A (1a, 1b) and silybin/isosilybin B (2a, 2b). The metabolism of these compounds is supposed to be strongly linked to Phase II of biotransformation and the respective conjugates are rapidly excreted in bile and urine. The aim of this study was to obtain optically pure sulfated metabolites of both silybins and isosilybins. Aryl-sulfate sulfotransferase (EC 18.104.22.168) from Desulfitobacterium hafniense was found to be a highly effective tool for the regiospecific enzymatic synthesis of silybin A-20-O-sulfate, silybin B-20-O-sulfate, isosilybin A-20-O-sulfate and isosilybin B-20-O-sulfate providing nearly quantitative yields and employing cheap p-nitrophenyl sulfate as sulfate donor. The isolated sulfated products will be used as authentic standards in metabolic studies of both silybins and isosilybins. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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