J.M. van Baten
- Separation of Hexane Isomers in a Metal-Organic Framework with Triangular Channels
- Volume | Issue number
- 340 | 6135
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences (HIMS)
Metal-organic frameworks can offer pore geometries that are not available in zeolites or other porous media, facilitating distinct types of shape-based molecular separations. Here, we report Fe-2(BDP)(3) (BDP2- = 1,4-benzenedipyrazotate), a highly stable framework with triangular channels that effect the separation of hexane isomers according to the degree of branching. Consistent with the varying abilities of the isomers to wedge along the triangular corners of the structure, adsorption isotherms and calculated isosteric heats indicate an adsorption selectivity order of n-hexane > 2-methytpentane > 3-methytpentane > 2,3-dimethytbutane approximate to 2,2-dimethytbutane. A breakthrough experiment performed at 160 degrees C with an eguimotar mixture of all five molecules confirms that the dibranched isomers elute first from a bed packed with Fe-2(BDP)(3), followed by the monobranched isomers and finally linear n-hexane. Configurational-bias Monte Carlo simulations confirm the origins of the molecular separation.
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