- Visualization procedures for proteins and peptides on flat-bed monoliths and their effects on matrix-assisted laser-desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometric detection
- Journal of Chromatography A
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences (HIMS)
The present study concerns the application of visualization methods, i.e. coomassie-brilliant-blue-R staining (CBB-R), silver-nitrate staining, and fluorescamine labeling, and subsequent MALDI-MS analysis of intact proteins and peptides on the surface of flat-bed monoliths, intended for spatial two-dimensional chromatographic separations. The use of 100-mu m thick macroporous poly(butyl methacrylate-co-ethylene dimethacrylate) flat-bed monoliths renders a fixation step obsolete, so that CBB-R and silver-nitrate staining and destaining could be achieved in 10-15 min as opposed to up to 24 h, as is typical on 2D-PAGE gels. The detection limits remained comparable. The compatibility of the monolithic layer with subsequent MALDI-MS analysis of individual proteins and peptide spots was investigated with regards to mass accuracy, mass precision, resolution, and signal intensity. When comparing results from MALDI-MS analysis of proteins and peptides on a flat-bed monolith to results obtained directly on stainless-steel target plates, significant losses in mass precision, signal intensity, and an increased variation in resolution were observed. In addition, a loss in signal intensity up to two orders of magnitude was observed when using monolithic layers. After CCB-R and silver-nitrate staining and destaining to disrupt the protein-dye complexes no MALDI spectra with significant S/N ratios could be achieved. After fluorescamine labeling heterogeneous signals were observed, which resulted from a distribution in the number of fluorescence-labeled lysine groups and from the presence of labeled derivatives that had undergone condensation reactions. (c) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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