- Networks of regulatory agencies in Europe
- Book title
- National legal systems and globalization: new role, continuing relevance
- Pages (from-to)
- The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press
- ISBN (electronic)
- Document type
- Faculty of Law (FdR)
- Amsterdam Center for European Law and Governance (ACELG)
This chapter analyses the problems which arise with regard to the political and legal accountability of independent national regulatory authorities which work together with each other and with the Commission in the European networks of national regulators or the ‘European networks plus’. It devotes attention to the political monitoring by and accountability to the European Parliament and/or the national parliaments at the European and national level, respectively, and to the potential role of judicial oversight by the European Court of Justice and the national courts. A distinction is consistently drawn between the present situation of more informal co-operation between the national regulatory authorities in the European networks and the strengthened co-operation within the ‘European networks plus’. As part of the reform of European legislation in the network sectors, the Commission is currently looking at the possibilities for uniform application of European law in the member states and looking at ways of improving the co-ordination between the different national regulatory authorities. The Commission wishes to increase its own ex ante powers and is examining whether the role of the European networks of national regulators could be further strengthened by the creation of ‘European networks plus’. It recently published a proposal for a Regulation founding a European Agency for the Co-operation between Energy Regulators. Owing to the hybrid nature of the European networks and their actions, there are a number of ‘accountability gaps’ both in the present situation and in the proposals for the ‘European networks plus’. The chapter concludes with a number of proposals for improving the accountability of the ‘European networks plus’.
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