- The role of hepcidin-25 in kidney transplantation
- Volume | Issue number
- 95 | 11
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Psychology Research Institute (PsyRes)
Background: Hepcidin-25 is a peptide hormone involved in iron absorption and homeostasis and found at increased serum levels in conditions involving systemic inflammation, renal dysfunction, and increased adiposity. Hepcidin may play a role in the pathogenesis of anemia, but its role in kidney transplantation is undefined.
Methods: This study enrolled 100 stable patients beyond 12 months after transplantation, from a large single United Kingdom center. Serum hepcidin-25 level, and relevant demographic and laboratory data pertinent to posttransplantation anemia, were measured and collected. Independent predictors of serum hepcidin were evaluated, and the relationship between hepcidin and hemoglobin, assessed.
Results: Independent associations were seen between higher hepcidin levels and allograft dysfunction (estimated glomerular filtration rate), increased inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive peptide), higher transferrin saturation (a marker of iron stores), and the use of marrow-suppressive medication (P<0.05 for all). Higher fat tissue index (whole-body multifrequency bioimpedance measurement) was also associated with higher hepcidin levels, but this relationship did not persist after adjustment for inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive peptide). In turn, inflammation was associated with increased fat tissue index (P=0.01) and male gender (P=0.04). A nonlinear association between serum hepcidin level and hemoglobin was seen, with a progressive fall in hemoglobin as hepcidin levels rose to 100 ng/mL, but little effect thereafter (P=0.009). This association was independent of renal dysfunction and female gender, both of which were also independently associated with a lower hemoglobin level.
Conclusions: These results highlight possible mechanisms of hemoglobin reduction in kidney transplantation patients, and the therapeutic opportunities from understanding the role of hepcidin in this context.
- go to publisher's site
If you believe that digital publication of certain material infringes any of your rights or (privacy) interests, please let the Library know, stating your reasons. In case of a legitimate complaint, the Library will make the material inaccessible and/or remove it from the website. Please Ask the Library, or send a letter to: Library of the University of Amsterdam, Secretariat, Singel 425, 1012 WP Amsterdam, The Netherlands. You will be contacted as soon as possible.