- The association between nightmares and daily distress
- Sleep and Biological Rhythms
- Volume | Issue number
- 11 | 1
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Psychology Research Institute (PsyRes)
Nightmares are a prevalent disorder with negative consequences. This study investigated the association between nightmares and daily distress. Fifty-six participants with frequent nightmares filled out questionnaires and a 10-day diary. The questionnaire concerned: sleep, nightmare distress, depression, neuroticism, posttraumatic stress, and anxiety; the diary: nightmares, sleep, and sleep related distress. Multilevel analyses revealed that nightmare nights, sleep quality, baseline nightmare distress, and depression were significantly associated with daily sleep related distress (P < 0.05). This is the first study that prospectively shows that nightmares are independently associated with daily sleep related distress.
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