- International, European and U.S. perspectives on the negotiation and adoption of the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA)
- Volume | Issue number
- 20 | 2
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Law (FdR)
- Amsterdam Center for International Law (ACIL)
Amsterdam Center for European Law and Governance (ACELG)
The negotiation and conclusion of the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) has generated fierce controversy and political protest around the globe. Its main aim is the improvement of the domestic enforcement of intellectual property (IP) rights. This paper analyzes in detail the secretive negotiation process and controversial substantive features of ACTA that have led to global political resistance. It considers the legal issues that the treaty brings to the key signatories, both substantively and procedurally: the European Union (EU) and the United States (U.S.), thereby considering international, supranational and domestic legal questions. This includes an examination of the changes that ACTA brings to the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), whether ACTA complies with the existing EU legislation on copyright appropriately (EU acquis) and questions surrounding the constitutionality of ACTA under U.S. Constitutional law. We argue that the danger of ACTA lies less in the actual substantive changes that it may bring to the enforcement of IP rights than in the precedent that it sets for the adoption of controversial and restrictive regulation in secretive and exclusive international procedures.
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