- Shear bond strength of three dual-cured resin cements to dentin analyzed by finite element analysis
- Dental Materials
- Volume | Issue number
- 28 | 10
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Dentistry (ACTA)
To determine the shear bond strength to bovine dentin of dual-cured resin cements cured in different circumstances, the contraction stress and volumetric shrinkage in both polymerization modes, and to review the failure stress distribution at the cement-tooth interface with finite element analysis.
The volumetric shrinkage of RelyX Unicem, Panavia F 2.0 and DC Core Automix was determined by mercury dilatometry. Polymerization contraction stress was determined using a constraint tensilometer set-up. For the shear bond strength test, cement discs on bovine root dentin (self-cured and dual-cured), composite discs cemented to dentin (self-cured and dual-cured), and dentin cemented to dentin (self-cured) specimens were fabricated. Specimens were stored in water for 24 h (37 °C, 100% humidity) and tested (crosshead speed 1 mm min−1). FE modeling of the specimens was carried out in order to calculate the maximum shear stresses in the cement-dentin interface. Differences between groups were determined using two-way ANOVA with Tukey post hoc tests, and paired samples t-tests (α < 0.05).
Panavia F2.0 showed significantly lower volumetric shrinkage than the other cements. Dual-curing lead to higher contraction stresses for all tested cements compared to self-curing. RelyX Unicem showed higher volumetric shrinkage when dual-cured. Shear bond strength and maximum shear stress was positively influenced by dual-curing. DC Core Automix performed best and Panavia F2.0 worst in terms of shear bond strength and maximum shear stress.
Curing mode may play an important role in the final bond strength to dentin of indirect restorations, depending on the material used.
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