- Long-term outcomes of three types of implant-supported mandibular overdentures in smokers
- Clinical Oral Implants Research
- Volume | Issue number
- 23 | 8
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Dentistry (ACTA)
Purpose: The aim of the study was to compare the differences in the long-term clinical and radiologic effects for three different treatment strategies with implant-supported overdentures in the edentulous mandible, with a special emphasis on smoking.
Materials and methods: In a randomized- controlled clinical trial, 110 edentulous patients participated. Thirty-six patients were treated with an overdenture supported by two implants with ball attachments (2IBA), 37 patients with an overdenture supported by two implants with a bar (2ISB) and 37 patients with an overdenture supported by four implants with a triple bar (4ITB). After a mean evaluation period of 8.3 years, the clinical and radiographic parameters were evaluated.
Results: Ninety-four out of the original 110 patients (=85%) were evaluated. In the 2IBA group, the plaque index was significantly lower (vs. 2ISB, P=0.013; vs. 4ITB, P=0.001) than in the other groups, but there was no correlation with the other peri-implant parameters. In the 4ITB group, the marginal bone loss was significantly higher than that in the two implant groups. The maximal probing depth was correlated with peri-implant bone loss (P=0.011). Smoking almost doubled marginal bone loss irrespective of the treatment strategy chosen.
Conclusions: Patients with two implants show less marginal bone loss than those with four implants. Smoking is a risk factor for the survival of dental implants in the long run.
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