- Thioalkalivibrio sulfidophilus sp. nov., a haloalkaliphilic sulfur-oxidizing gammaproteobacterium from alklaine habitats
- International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
- Volume | Issue number
- 62 | 8
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED)
A moderately salt-tolerant and obligately alkaliphilic, chemolithoautotrophic sulfur-oxidizing bacterium, strain HL-EbGr7T, was isolated from a full-scale bioreactor removing H2S from biogas under oxygen-limited conditions. Another strain, ALJ17, closely related to HL-EbGr7T, was isolated from a Kenyan soda lake. Cells of the isolates were relatively long, slender rods, motile by a polar flagellum. Although both strains were obligately aerobic, micro-oxic conditions were preferred, especially at the beginning of growth. Chemolithoautotrophic growth was observed with sulfide and thiosulfate in a pH range of 8.0-10.5 (optimum at pH 10.0) and a salinity range of 0.2-1.5 M total Na+ (optimum at 0.4 M). The genome sequence of strain HL-EbGr7T demonstrated the presence of genes encoding the reverse Dsr pathway and a truncated Sox pathway for sulfur oxidation and enzymes of the Calvin-Benson cycle of autotrophic CO2 assimilation with ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCO) type I. The dominant cellular fatty acids were C18 : 1ω7, C16 : 0 and C19 : 0 cyclo. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing, the two strains belonged to a single phylotype within the genus Thioalkalivibrio in the Gammaproteobacteria. Despite being related most closely to Thioalkalivibrio denitrificans, the isolates were unable to grow by denitrification. On the basis of phenotypic and phylogenetic analysis, the novel isolates are proposed to represent a novel species, Thioalkalivibrio sulfidiphilus sp. nov., with the type strain HL-EbGr7T ( = NCCB 100376T = UNIQEM U246T).
The GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession numbers for the 16S rRNA gene sequences of strains HL-EbGr7T and ALJ17 are respectively EU709878 and GU735094. The accession number for the genome sequence of strain HL-EbGr7T is NC_011901.
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