- Detecting bone loss along dental implants by subtraction of panoramic radiographs
- Clinical Oral Implants Research
- Volume | Issue number
- 23 | 7
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Dentistry (ACTA)
Objectives: To test an extended subtraction method for measuring changes in bone along dental implants depicted on non-standardized panoramic radiographs.
Material and methods: The measuring method consisted of a subtraction module extended with modules correcting gray values, correcting geometry and defining the region of interest mesial and distal of dental implants. It was applied to an archive of panoramic radiographs of implant patients who had been monitored up to 16 years.
Results: Significant loss of gray value was demonstrated at a constant rate of 0.6 units per month throughout the study. This indicates gradual bone loss on the mesial and/or distal sides of the implants. Females were found to lose bone at a higher rate than males. Smokers and non-smokers, and various implant strategies yielded the same rate of bone loss.
Conclusions: The measuring method is a helpful tool to monitor changes around implants even when non-standardized radiographs are being used. Whereas changes of marginal bone level are increased five to eight times during the first year after surgery, the present method shows gradual loss of bone during 15 years after surgery.
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