J. van Deutekom
B. van de Water
- Combining doublecortin-like kinase silencing and vinca alkaloids results in a synergistic apoptotic effect in neuroblastoma cells.
- The Journal of Pharmacology and experimental Therapeutics
- Volume | Issue number
- 342 | 1
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences (SILS)
Microtubule-destabilizing agents, such as vinca alkaloids (VAs), are part of the treatment currently applied in patients with high-risk neuroblastoma (NB). However, the development of drug resistance and toxicity make NB difficult to treat with these drugs. In this study we explore the combination of VAs (vincristine or vinblastine) with knockdown of the microtubule-associated proteins encoded by the doublecortin-like kinase (DCLK) gene by using short interference RNA (siRNA). We examined the effect of VAs and DCLK knockdown on the microtubule network by immunohistochemistry. We performed dose-response studies on cell viability and proliferation. By combining VA with DCLK knockdown we observed a strong reduction in the EC(50) to induce cell death: up to 7.3-fold reduction of vincristine and 21.1-fold reduction of vinblastine. Using time-lapse imaging of phosphatidylserine translocation and a terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling-based assay, we found a significant increase of apoptosis by the combined treatment. Induction of caspase-3 activity, as detected via cleavage of N-acetyl-Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-7-amido-4-methylcoumarin, showed a 3.3- to 12.0-fold increase in the combined treatment. We detected significant increases in caspase-8 activity as well. Moreover, the multidrug dose effect calculated by using the median effect method showed a strong synergistic inhibition of proliferation and induction of apoptosis at most of the combined concentrations of siRNAs and VAs. Together, our data demonstrate that the silencing of DCLK sensitizes NB cells to VAs, resulting in a synergetic apoptotic effect.
- go to publisher's site
If you believe that digital publication of certain material infringes any of your rights or (privacy) interests, please let the Library know, stating your reasons. In case of a legitimate complaint, the Library will make the material inaccessible and/or remove it from the website. Please Ask the Library, or send a letter to: Library of the University of Amsterdam, Secretariat, Singel 425, 1012 WP Amsterdam, The Netherlands. You will be contacted as soon as possible.