- Isoenzyme expression changes in response to high temperature determine the metabolic regulation of increased glycolytic flux in yeast.
- FEMS Yeast Research
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- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences (SILS)
Qualitative phenotypic changes are the integrated result of quantitative changes at multiple regulatory levels. To explain the temperature-induced increase of glycolytic flux in fermenting cultures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we quantified the contributions of changes in activity at many regulatory levels. We previously showed that a similar temperature increase in glucose-limited cultivations lead to a qualitative change from respiratory to fermentative metabolism, and this change was mainly regulated at the metabolic level. In contrast, in fermenting cells, a combination of different modes of regulation was observed. Regulation by changes in expression and the effect of temperature on enzyme activities contributed much to the increase in flux. Mass spectrometric quantification of glycolytic enzymes revealed that increased enzyme activity did not correlate with increased protein abundance, suggesting a large contribution of post-translational regulation to activity. Interestingly, the differences in the direct effect of temperature on enzyme kinetics can be explained by changes in the expression of the isoenzymes. Therefore, both the interaction of enzyme with its metabolic environment and the temperature dependence of activity are in turn regulated at the hierarchical level.
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