- The electronic structure of the H-cluster in the [FeFe]-hydrogenase from Desulfovibrio desulfuricans: a Q-band 57Fe-ENDOR and HYSCORE study.
- Journal of the American Chemical Society
- Volume | Issue number
- 129 | 37
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences (SILS)
The active site of the (57)Fe-enriched [FeFe]-hydrogenase (i.e., the "H-cluster") from Desulfovibrio desulfuricans has been examined using advanced pulse EPR methods at X- and Q-band frequencies. For both the active oxidized state (H(ox)) and the CO inhibited form (H(ox)-CO) all six (57)Fe hyperfine couplings were detected. The analysis shows that the apparent spin density extends over the whole H-cluster. The investigations revealed different hyperfine couplings of all six (57)Fe nuclei in the H-cluster of the H(ox)-CO state. Four large 57Fe hyperfine couplings in the range 20-40 MHz were found (using pulse ENDOR and TRIPLE methods) and were assigned to the [4Fe-4S](H) (cubane) subcluster. Two weak (57)Fe hyperfine couplings below 5 MHz were identified using Q-band HYSCORE spectroscopy and were assigned to the [2Fe](H) subcluster. For the H(ox) state only two different 57Fe hyperfine couplings in the range 10-13 MHz were detected using pulse ENDOR. An (57)Fe line broadening analysis of the X-band CW EPR spectrum indicated, however, that all six (57)Fe nuclei in the H-cluster are contributing to the hyperfine pattern. It is concluded that in both states the binuclear subcluster [2Fe](H) assumes a [Fe(I)Fe(II)] redox configuration where the paramagnetic Fe(I) atom is attached to the [4Fe-4S](H) subcluster. The (57)Fe hyperfine interactions of the formally diamagnetic [4Fe-4S](H) are due to an exchange interaction between the two subclusters as has been discussed earlier by Popescu and Munck [Popescu, C.V.; Munck, E., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1999, 121, 7877-7884]. This exchange coupling is strongly enhanced by binding of the extrinsic CO ligand. Binding of the dihydrogen substrate may induce a similar effect, and it is therefore proposed that the observed modulation of the electronic structure by the changing ligand surrounding plays an important role in the catalytic mechanism of [FeFe]-hydrogenase.
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