Serpulidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) from the Suez Canal: from a Lessepsian migration perspective (a monograph).
Number of pages
Faculty of Science (FNWI)
Data on Serpulidae collected in the Suez Canal were assembled and analyzed. Five serpulid taxa are reported from the canal
for the first time bringing the number of serpulids to at least 16. The Systematic Section compiles revised literature records,
confirmed synonymies of the taxa, redescriptions where necessary, photographic studies of taxa and remarks on the populations
studied. The possible Indo-West-Pacific or Mediterranean origins of the taxa in the Suez Canal are considered and their chronological
records and distributions tracked within the Red Sea, the Gulfs of Aqaba and Suez, the Suez Canal and the Levant Basin based
on the compiled literature and our extensive databases. Two Lessepsian migrants, Hydroides heterocerus and H. homoceros, show
evidence of morphological variability along their migration route; the last also provides an example of a founder effect.
Problems of identifying Protula and Salmacina taxa are addressed, along with remarks on the "cosmopolitan" designations of
some taxa. Various hypotheses concerning Lessepsian migration are discussed, and attributes making Lessepsian migrant serpulid
tubeworms successful invasive species are evaluated.
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