- Cerebral expression of drug transporters in epilepsy
- Advanced drug delivery reviews
- Volume | Issue number
- 64 | 10
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
Faculty of Medicine (AMC-UvA)
- Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences (SILS)
Over-expression of drug efflux transporters at the level of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) has been proposed as a mechanism responsible for multidrug resistance. Drug transporters in epileptogenic tissue are not only expressed in endothelial cells at the BBB, but also in other brain parenchymal cells, such as astrocytes, microglia and neurons, suggesting a complex cell type-specific regulation under pathological conditions associated with epilepsy. This review focuses on the cerebral expression patterns of several classes of well-known membrane drug transporters such as P-glycoprotein (Pgp), and multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs) in the epileptogenic brain. Both experimental and clinical evidence of epilepsy-associated cerebral drug transporter regulation and the possible mechanisms underlying drug transporter regulation are discussed. Knowledge of the cerebral expression patterns of drug transporters in normal and epileptogenic brain will provide relevant information to guide strategies attempting to overcome drug resistance by targeting specific transporters.
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