- X-ray softening in the new X-ray transient XTE J1719-291 during its 2008 outburst decay
- Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
- Volume | Issue number
- 417 | 1
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy (API)
The X-ray transient XTE J1719−291 was discovered with Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer/Proportional Counter Array (RXTE/PCA) during its outburst in 2008 March, which lasted at least 46 d. Its 2-10 keV peak luminosity is 7 × 1035 erg s−1 assuming a distance of 8 kpc, which classifies the system as a very faint X-ray transient. The outburst was monitored with Swift, RXTE, Chandra and XMM-Newton. We analysed the X-ray spectral evolution during the outburst. We fitted the overall data with a simple power-law model corrected for absorption and found that the spectrum softened with decreasing luminosity. However, the XMM-Newton spectrum cannot be fitted with a simple one-component model, but it can be fitted with a thermal component (blackbody or disc blackbody) plus a power-law model affected by absorption. Therefore, the softening of the X-ray spectrum with decreasing X-ray luminosity might be due to a change in photon index or alternatively it might be due to a change in the properties of the soft component. Assuming that the system is an X-ray binary, we estimated a long-term time-averaged mass accretion rate of ∼ 7.7 × 10−13 M⊙ yr−1 for a neutron star as a compact object and ∼ 3.7 × 10−13 M⊙ yr−1 in the case of a black hole. Although no conclusive evidence is available about the nature of the accretor, based on the X-ray/optical luminosity ratio we tentatively suggest that a neutron star is present in this system.
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