- Is Personalized Communication Superior? Personalization and Consumers’ Characteristics
- Asia-Pacific Advances in Consumer Research
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR)
Personalized communication has become a very popular marketing strategy, but the research on its effectiveness is still limited. This study examined the effectiveness of personalized digital newsletters in terms of increased attention, evaluation, attitude, and intention. Participants (N = 124) were randomly exposed to one of two experimental conditions: generic or personalized. The personalized message was not found to be more persuasive than the generic message. The effects were moderated by individuals‘ need for cognition and privacy concerns. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
Technology developments have not only made customer driven communication possible, but also widespread. Nowadays, companies possess different tools and strategies that enable them to address their customers personally. One prominent strategy is that of personalization. Although the term personalization covers a variety of concepts (Vesanen 2007), the idea behind them is the same, namely to create a message referring to a receiver‘s self (Petty, Wheeler, and Bizer 2000).
According to Jupiter Research (2007), nowadays personalization is broadly utilized. There is paucity in research on the effects of personalized marketing communication though. Some authors have proven personalized communication to enhance attention and elaboration (Tam and Ho 2005), lead to a more positive attitude (Kalyanaraman and Sundar 2006), and increase response rate (Ansari and Mela 2003). Other studies, however, have not managed to show positive effects of personalization (e.g., Bull, Kreuter, and Scharff 1999). The reason for these inconsistent findings can be that many studies have compared personalized communication with a control condition with no message (Dijkstra 2008). Moreover, the role of personal factors has not been studied enough (Ho, Davern, and Tam 2008). Therefore, this study intended to compare generic marketing communication with personalized marketing communication, and investigate the moderating role of consumers‘ characteristics.
- Final publisher version
- Proceedings title: Paper presented at the 2011 Asia-Pacific Conference of the Association for Consumer Research
Publisher: Association for Consumer Research
Place of publication: Duluth, MN
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