- Prenatal fluoxetine exposure induces life-long serotonin 5-HT(3) receptor-dependent cortical abnormalities and anxiety-like behaviour
- Volume | Issue number
- 62 | 2
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences (SILS)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the first choice of drugs to treat depression and anxiety during pregnancy. However, there is evidence that in uteroexposure to SSRIs leads to adverse effects in offspring. Here we show that in mice, the adverse effects of the widely used antidepressant and SSRI fluoxetine are critically dependent on the 5-HT3receptor, the only ligand-gated ion channel in the family of serotoninreceptors. In uteroexposure to fluoxetineinducesanxiety-likebehavior in wildtype, but not in mice lacking the 5-HT3receptor. In addition to this behavioral phenotype, these mice show life-longabnormalities of cortical cytoarchitecture, which can be reversed in vitro by pharmacological block of 5-HT3receptors. Moreover, the effect of fluoxetine on the development of cortical neurons is absent in 5-HT3receptor knockout mice. These findings pinpoint the pivotal role of serotonergic signaling during development and provide a novel basis to investigate the adverse effects of the use of fluoxetine during pregnancy.
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