- Risk factors for anterior disc displacement with reduction and intermittent locking in adolescents
- Journal of Orofacial Pain
- Volume | Issue number
- 25 | 2
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Dentistry (ACTA)
ims: To test the hypothesis that oral parafunctions and symptomatic temporomandibulair joint (TMJ) hypermobility are risk factors in adolescents for both anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDR) and intermittent locking. Methods: Participants were two hundred sixty 12- to 16-year-old adolescents (52.3% female) visiting a university clinic for regular dental care. ADDR and symptomatic TMJ hypermobility were diagnosed using a structured clinical examination. During the anamnesis, reports of intermittent locking and of several parafunctions were noted, eg, nocturnal tooth grinding, diurnal jaw clenching, gum chewing, nail biting, lip and/or cheek biting, and biting on objects. The adolescents’ dentitions were examined for opposing matching tooth-wear facets as signs of tooth grinding. Risk factors for ADDR and intermittent locking were first assessed using univariate logistic regression and then entered into a stepwise backward multiple model. Results: While in the multiple model, ADDR was weakly associated only with increasing age (P = .02, explained variance 8.1%), intermittent locking was weakly correlated to diurnal jaw clenching (P = .05, explained variance 27.3%). Conclusion: In adolescence, diurnal clenching may be a risk factor for intermittent locking while age may be a risk factor for ADDR. Symptomatic TMJ hypermobility seems to be unrelated to either ADDR or to intermittent locking.
If you believe that digital publication of certain material infringes any of your rights or (privacy) interests, please let the Library know, stating your reasons. In case of a legitimate complaint, the Library will make the material inaccessible and/or remove it from the website. Please Ask the Library, or send a letter to: Library of the University of Amsterdam, Secretariat, Singel 425, 1012 WP Amsterdam, The Netherlands. You will be contacted as soon as possible.