- Structural characterization by infrared multiple photon dissociation spectroscopy of protonated gas-phase ions obtained by electrospray ionization of cysteine and dopamine
- Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
- Volume | Issue number
- 399 | 7
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences (HIMS)
Structural characterization of protonated gas-phase ions of cysteine and dopamine by infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) spectroscopy using a free electron laser in combination with theory based on DFT calculations reveals the presence of two types of protonated dimer ions in the electrospray mass spectra of the metabolites. In addition to the proton-bound dimer of each species, the covalently bound dimer of cysteine (bound by a disulfide linkage) has been identified. The dimer ion of m/z 241 observed in the electrospray mass spectra of cysteine has been identified as protonated cystine by comparison of the experimental IRMPD spectrum to the IR absorption spectra predicted by theory and the IRMPD spectrum of a standard. Formation of the protonated covalently bound disulfide-linked dimer ions (i.e. protonated cystine) from electrospray of cysteine solution is consistent with the redox properties of cysteine. Both the IRMPD spectra and theory indicate that in protonated cystine the covalent disulfide bond is retained and the proton is involved in intramolecular hydrogen bonding between the amine groups of the two cysteine amino acid units. For cysteine, the protonated covalently bound dimer (m/z 241) dominated the mass spectrum relative to the proton-bound dimer (m/z 243), but this was not the case for dopamine, where the protonated monomer and the proton-bound dimer were both observed as major ions. An extended conformation of the ethylammonium side chain of gas-phase protonated dopamine monomer was verified from the correlation between the predicted IR absorption spectra and the experimental IRMPD spectrum. Dopamine has the same extended ethylamine side chain conformation in the proton-bound dopamine dimer identified in the mass spectra of electrosprayed dopamine. The structure of the proton-bound dimer of dopamine is confirmed by calculations and the presence of an IR band due to the shared proton. The presence of the shared proton in the protonated cystine ion can be inferred from the IRMPD spectrum.
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