- The structure of post-traumatic stress symptoms in young survivors of war
- Psychiatry Research
- Volume | Issue number
- 186 | 2/3
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Psychology Research Institute (PsyRes)
Research on the dimensionality of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has generally failed to provide support for the three clusters of PTSD suggested in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). However, much research has been restricted to samples in North America and Western European countries. The aim of the current study was to test four alternative factor models among a relatively understudied population-young civilian survivors of war who had experienced war-related events as adolescents-in order to establish whether the factor structure of PTSD is consistent among various traumatized populations and age groups. Using the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale, the results indicated that the four-factor model including intrusion, avoidance, hyperarousal, and numbing factors provided a better fit than the three-factor model suggested by the DSM-IV. The current study offers additional support from another population for a four-factor model of PTSD that implies a separation of avoidance and numbing items. Case conceptualization and treatment implications are discussed.
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